A Clash of Cultures: Civil-Military Relations during the by Orrin Schwab

By Orrin Schwab

The Vietnam conflict used to be in lots of methods outlined by means of a civil-military divide, an underlying conflict among army and civilian management over the conflict's nature, goal and effects. This publication explores the explanations for that clash—and the result of it.The relationships among the U.S. army, its supporters, and its rivals throughout the Vietnam battle have been either extreme and complicated. Schwab exhibits how the power of the army to prosecute the conflict used to be advanced by means of those relationships, and via quite a few nonmilitary concerns that grew from them. leader between those used to be the military's courting to a civilian kingdom that interpreted strategic worth, hazards, morality, political bills, and armed forces and political effects in accordance with a special calculus. moment was once a media that introduced the war—and these protesting it—into residing rooms around the land.As Schwab demonstrates, Vietnam introduced jointly management teams, each one with very assorted operational and strategic views at the Indochina zone. Senior army officials favorite conceptualizing the warfare as a traditional army clash that required traditional capacity to victory. Political leaders and critics of the conflict understood it as an primarily political clash, with linked political hazards and prices. because the struggle advanced, Schwab argues, the divergence in views, ideologies, and political pursuits created a wide, and finally unbridgeable divide among army and civilian leaders. in spite of everything, this conflict of cultures outlined the Vietnam conflict and its legacy for the defense force and for American society as an entire.

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Additional info for A Clash of Cultures: Civil-Military Relations during the Vietnam War (In War and in Peace: U.S. Civil-Military Relations)

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Military forces, the JCS recommended a force of over 100,000 men. S. 2 Kennedy and later Lyndon Johnson were at permanent odds with the JCS over war strategy in Indochina and in the larger Cold War. S. military, was that the international system was governed by power relations; to preserve America’s strategic power, sufficient force had to be deployed to deter and if necessary to defeat national adversaries. The Soviet Union and the People’s Republic of China were defined as enemies of the United States, comparable to the fascist states of the Second World War.

Qxd 7/6/06 11:27 AM Page 33 INTERVENTION 33 Vietnam. S. Army practiced classic European land warfare, which emphasized powerful military units that employed superior force and numbers to destroy major concentrations of enemy forces. S. Army tactical doctrine to conditions in Vietnam. William Westmoreland, utilizing the Army’s helicopter and ground support fixed-wing aircraft, intended for Army forces to search out and destroy main force enemy units, intercept enemy supply lines and “pacify” enemy controlled villages by capturing and or destroying them.

They were needed to attempt to stabilize a rapidly deteriorating combat environment. Those requests, for approximately 20,000 more troops, were granted quickly by Johnson. It was now apparent to Johnson and all of his closest advisors that the next move in Vietnam had to be a major commitment of forces. S. intervention in South Vietnam. Both the administration and the Congress had to contemplate a costly and long-term commitment to save South Vietnam. Over and over, Johnson and his secretary of defense defined the war in limited terms.

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