Adaptation and Autonomy: Adaptive Preferences in Enhancing by Juha Räikkä, Jukka Varelius

By Juha Räikkä, Jukka Varelius

This quantity gathers jointly formerly unpublished articles concentrating on the connection among choice edition and autonomy in reference to human enhancement and within the end-of-life context. the price of person autonomy is a cornerstone of liberal societies. whereas there are diversified conceptions of the suggestion, it truly is debatable that on any believable realizing of person autonomy an independent agent must take into consideration the stipulations that circumscribe its activities. but it has additionally been instructed that permitting one’s recommendations to impact one’s personal tastes threatens autonomy. whereas this phenomenon has obtained a few realization in different parts of ethical philosophy, it has seldom been thought of in bioethics. This publication combines for the 1st time the themes of choice model, person autonomy, and selecting to die or to augment human capacities in a distinct and entire quantity, filling an enormous wisdom hole within the modern bioethics literature.

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In reply, I want to say that the first part of this objection is not an objection to the view that I have advocated in this paper and that the second part of this objection simply engages the genetic fallacy again. Indeed, I agree with the first part of the objection that if an agent is manipulated or brainwashed into having a preference, then merely endorsing the content of the preference from that brainwashed perspective is insufficient for the preference to be autonomous. Rather, as I pointed out while discussing Westlund’s view, the agent must be dialogically reflective.

The idea is that if the preference for taking the pill is non-autonomous, the other preferences that are formed as a result of the options that open up as a result of taking the pill and gaining years of life – for instance, the preference to learn a couple more languages or build a house from scratch by hand – inherit the non-autonomy of the preference to take the pill. In reply, I want to say that the first part of this objection is not an objection to the view that I have advocated in this paper and that the second part of this objection simply engages the genetic fallacy again.

But insofar as I have reason to engage P, it seems difficult to understand why I would regard P as a process unworthy of endorsement. After all, engaging it is rational given the state of the world, my society, or myself. One might revise HA1 and HA2 in light of the problems noted here. 7 Note the shape of the reasons that lead me to adapt my preferences: such reasons are instrumental or strategic; they are not given my assessment of the per se or intrinsic value of the processes involved. Perhaps these are not reasons of the right kind.

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