By Angelo Basile, Alfredo Cassano, Navin K Rastogi
Membrane fabrics permit for the selective separation of gasoline and vapour and for ion shipping. fabrics study and improvement maintains to force advancements within the layout, manufacture and integration of membrane applied sciences as serious elements in either sustainable strength and fresh purposes. Membrane utilisation deals approach simplification and intensification in undefined, offering reasonably cheap, and effective and trustworthy operation, and contributing in the direction of emissions rate reductions and effort safety. complex membrane technology and know-how for sustainable power and environmental functions provides a finished assessment of membrane utilisation and integration inside of strength and environmental industries.
Part one introduces the subject of membrane technological know-how and engineering, from the basics of membrane tactics and separation to membrane characterization and financial research. half specializes in membrane utilisation for carbon dioxide (CO2) trap in coal and gasoline strength crops, together with pre- and post-combustion and oxygen delivery applied sciences. half 3 reports membranes for the petrochemical undefined, with chapters protecting hydrocarbon gas, usual gasoline and synthesis gasoline processing, in addition to complicated biofuels creation. half 4 covers membranes for replacement strength functions and effort garage, corresponding to membrane know-how for redox and lithium batteries, gas cells and hydrogen construction. ultimately, half 5 discusses membranes utilisation in commercial and environmental purposes, together with microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and ahead osmosis, in addition to water, wastewater and nuclear energy applications.
With its distinctive editors and workforce of professional members, complex membrane technological know-how and expertise for sustainable power and environmental purposes is a vital reference for membrane and fabrics engineers and brands, in addition to researchers and lecturers attracted to this field.
- Presents a finished evaluation of membrane technology and expertise, targeting advancements and functions in sustainable power and clean-industry
- Discusses the basics of membrane tactics and separation and membrane characterization and fiscal analysis
- Addresses the major problems with membrane utilisation in coal and gasoline strength vegetation and the petrochemical undefined, using membranes for substitute strength functions and membrane utilisation in commercial and environmental applications
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Additional resources for Advances in membrane technologies for water treatment : materials, processes and applications
2010), PES membranes were modiﬁed by inserting different concentrations of nanosized alumina (48 nm) particles inside the polymer matrix. The increase in porosity and decrease in the hydrophobic interaction between membrane surface and foulants changed the performance of the PES membrane after adding Al2O3 nanoparticles into the casting solution. , 2009). 7 Iron oxide nanoparticles Magnetic nanoparticles have gained much attention by researchers in recent years. Because of their inherent super paramagnetic properties, magnetic nanoparticles have been studied for various applications including drug and gene targeting, cell separation, and hyperthermia (Ye, Liu, Wang, Huang, & Xu, 2009).
Vatanpour et al. (2011) fabricated nanocomposite membranes composed of PES and acid-treated functionalized MWCNTs using a solution of 3 M HNO3/H2SO4 (1/3, v/v). Functionalized MWCNTs were embedded in PES matrix using the phase 12 Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment inversion method. The treated MWCNTs exhibited good dispersion and compatibility with the polymer matrix. The blending of MWCNTs into PES matrix resulted in an increase in hydrophilicity and water ﬂux along with a decrease in fouling of the nanocomposite membrane caused by Bovine Serum Albomin (BSA) ﬁltration.
As the result of interfacial polymerization reaction, a dense, highly cross-linked polymer layer is formed on the surface of the membrane at the interface of two solutions. Heat, ultraviolet (UV), and plasma treatment are often applied to control and complete interfacial polymerization. 1 mm or less), so TFC membrane permeability is high. Also, membrane selectivity is high as a result of the high cross-linking of polymers. Commonly used reactive monomers are aliphatic/aromatic diamines such as piperazine (PIP), m-phenylenediamine (MPDA), and p-phenylenediamine (PPD), and acid chloride monomers such as trimesoyl chloride (TMC), isophthaloyl chloride (IPC), and 5-isocyanatoisophthaloyl chloride (ICIC).