By T. WEISSKOPF
Arguably, of an important nationwide reports with rules of confident discrimination in want of traditionally deprived ethnic or caste minority teams are the situations of 'Affirmative motion' within the usa and 'Reservation regulations' in India. This crucial new publication examines the implications of affirmative motion in either international locations utilizing a transparent cost-benefit research. All people with an curiosity in affirmative motion will enjoy the book's lucidity, use of facts and coverage implications.
Read Online or Download Affirmative Action in the United States and India (Routledge Frontiers of Political Economy, 56) PDF
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Additional info for Affirmative Action in the United States and India (Routledge Frontiers of Political Economy, 56)
In the US, the first group to press successfully for positive discrimination was the minority group that had suffered most from negative discrimination. In India, it was a large coalition of groups, neither at the top nor at the bottom of the socio-economic scale, who formed non-Brahman movements in the South and successfully pressed for better opportunities vis-à-vis the dominant Brahmans. The most downtrodden of India’s ethnic groups – the Dalits and the Adivasis – did not have the means to organize a grass-roots movement comparable to that of Blacks in the US.
Because affirmative action is not addressed – much less mandated – in the US Constitution, the range of allowable AA practices has been wholly dependent on judicial opinions; these in turn are influenced by the general political climate and, more specifically, by pressures from groups favoring or opposing positive discrimination. In India, by contrast, reservation policies are much more firmly grounded on a constitutional basis – even though the authorization of preferences for particular groups coexists uneasily with the Indian Constitution’s general affirmation of individual freedom, equal opportunity, and non-discrimination.
Ambedkar in the late 1920s – is that of compensatory justice. Anyone inspired by principles of equal treatment and equal opportunity cannot but be overwhelmed by the span of historical time, and the scope of societal arenas, in which such equality was denied to India’s outcastes. The extent of the injustices done to the indigenous tribes of India varied over time and across different regions and groups; but if these groups suffered less at the hands of India’s mainstream population, it was only because their isolation limited the extent of their interaction with the dominant groups of the subcontinent.