Agricultural Policies In Oecd Countries At A Glance by OECD Nuclear Energy Agency

By OECD Nuclear Energy Agency

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Sugar and milk benefit from relatively high levels of support in most OECD countries, with the notable exceptions of Australia and New Zealand. Rice is produced in only a few OECD countries but benefits from high support in Japan, Korea and the United States. As support for these three commodities is mainly provided through price support, the associated levels of market protection are also the highest. Prices received by producers and those paid by consumers were, on average in 2001-03, around twice the level of world market prices for sugar and milk and about four times higher than the world prices for rice.

AGRICULTURAL POLICIES IN OECD COUNTRIES: AT A GLANCE – ISBN 92-64-01603-1 – © OECD 2004 41 II. COUNTRY FOCUS Australia Support to Australian agriculture is the second lowest in the OECD, and in 2003 the PSE remained unchanged at 4%, despite a small increase in diesel fuel rebates and payments under the Exceptional Circumstances Relief Payment Scheme. To improve farmer’s selfreliance and risk management in times of drought and floods various Federal Government measures were strengthened, such as the Environmental Management Systems and the National Water Initiative.

Producer Nominal Protection Coefficient (NPCp): the ratio between the average price received by producers (at farm gate), including payments per tonne of current output, and the border price (measured at farm gate). Producer Nominal Assistance Coefficient (NACp): the ratio between the value of gross farm receipts including support and gross farm receipts valued at border prices. Consumer Support Estimate (CSE): the annual monetary value of gross transfers to (from) consumers of agricultural commodities, measured at the farm-gate level, arising from policy measures that support agriculture, regardless of their nature, objectives or impacts on consumption of farm products.

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