Agriculture Sector Programs: Sourcebook (World Bank by Nwanz Okidegbe

By Nwanz Okidegbe

This sourcebook presents useful information to policymakers and software planners in nations and to improvement firms on how one can perform or help an agricultural region program—from preliminary discussions, to constructing this system suggestion, to securing extensive stakeholder involvement, to implementation. It explains the explanations why nations may need to adopt a region or subsector application and describes the stipulations which may support make sure the program's luck; presents information on find out how to formulate a region procedure and convey approximately institutional reforms; makes a speciality of center public zone actions in response to an in depth expenditure evaluate; and indicates methods of encouraging donors to interact below the management of the associate kingdom executive.

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Recognizing the notion of path dependency, reforms would be facilitated by a comprehensive assessment of the present situation. Such an exercise may be undertaken as one of the generic studies that start at the beginning of ASP preparation. This would entail a detailed assessment of the existing situation, including structure, personnel management, physical and financial resources and legal aspects. Approaches to institutional assessments. A variety of options are possible. Following Pinto and Mrope (1995), there are four broad categories of institutional assessment.

Regulations and other activities related to land reform or land registration, or both. Gradual but decisive steps towards decentralization of sectoral institutions. Pace of policy reforms. Implementation of policy changes is likely to require substantial reforms. While some of these may be instituted rapidly, others are best introduced gradually to avoid creating service gaps that may have a negative impact on production, Page 7 employment and, especially, on the poor. For example, abrupt withdrawal of government from input supply and marketing functions before the private sector has had time to enter, could be disastrous and result in reduction in the cultivated area or leave farmers without essential inputs or a marketing outlet for their products.

Here again the issue of leadership would be important. Strong leaders are likely to guide the consultants while weak leaders may hand responsibility to consultants (or the agency providing them), sacrificing national ownership. The head of the task force, should be a stakeholder with proven leadership qualities and experience in the sector. In order to carry out its functions effectively, the task force may require the support of a small, full-time secretariat. The secretariat would prepare material for the task force meetings, enabling the participants to cover a substantial volume of work in a relatively short period of time and perform other functions related to ASP preparation.

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