America's Communal Utopias by Donald E. Pitzer

By Donald E. Pitzer

From the Shakers to the department Davidians, America's communal utopians have captured the preferred mind's eye. Seventeen unique essays right here exhibit the relevance of such teams to the mainstream of yankee social, non secular, and monetary lifestyles. The individuals research the ideals and practices of the main in demand utopian groups based prior to 1965, together with the long-overlooked Catholic monastic groups and Jewish agricultural colonies. additionally featured are the Ephrata Baptists, Moravians, Shakers, Harmonists, Hutterites, Inspirationists of Amana, Mormons, Owenites, Fourierists, Icarians, Janssonists, Theosophists, Cyrus Teed's Koreshans, and Father Divine's Peace challenge. in keeping with a brand new conceptual framework referred to as developmental communalism, the publication examines those utopian pursuits in the course of the process their development—before, in the course of, and after their communal interval. every one bankruptcy encompasses a short chronology, giving uncomplicated information regarding the crowd mentioned. An appendix provides the main whole record of yankee utopian groups ever released. The individuals are Jonathan G. Andelson, Karl J. R. Arndt, Pearl W. Bartelt, Priscilla J. Brewer, Donald F. Durnbaugh, Lawrence Foster, Carl J. Guarneri, Robert V. Hine, Gertrude E. Huntington, James E. touchdown, Dean L. could, Lawrence J. McCrank, J. Gordon Melton, Donald E. Pitzer, Robert P. Sutton, Jon Wagner, and Robert S. Weisbrot.

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6 Very little is known about the progress of the settlement, located at a site known variously as the Valley of the Swans (Zwaanendael) or Horekill, near the present town of Lewes. Given Plockhoy's careful planning and the financial backing of the Amsterdamers, it might have been reasonably assumed that the colony would flourish, but larger events intruded. In 1664 the English took over the Dutch colonies in North America in the generally bloodless Anglo-Dutch War. The Horekill settlement was crushed when Admiral Robert Carr of the English navy seized Dutch holdings along the Delaware.

Ephrata chronicle (Chronicon Ephratense) is published. Snow Hill builds community house. Religious Society of Seventh Day Baptists is incorporated. Snow Hill receives state charter. Bethlehem loses status as church village, becomes a borough. Last of monastic brothers at Snow Hill dies. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania acquires Ephrata as historic site. Notes 1. : Prentice-Hall, 1971), 39-42. 2. , Backwoods Utopias: The Sectarian Origins and the Owenite Phase of Communitarian Socialism in America, 1663-1829, 2denl.

In short, the impression of this scene made upon my mind continued strong for many days, and I believe, will never be wholly obliterated. "32 After 1745 Ephrata was also famed for its printing. Their earlier publications had been given to the Franklin and Bradford presses in Philadelphia or to the press of Christopher Sauer in Germantown. But there were problems. Neither of the Philadelphia presses possessed the gothic typeface favored by Communitarian Societies in Colonial America 25 the Germans for their books; Sauer (1695-1758) was a religious separatist and therefore critical of all religious organizations.

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